Period 3: 600 C.E. to 1450 C.E.
- The Rise of Islam
In the seventh century in the Middle East, Islam began to rise. This monothestic religion believed that Allah (God) transmitted his message through Mohammad, whose followers began to
record the religion's views in the Quran. Muslims believe that saving of the soul from sin is obtained through accepting the will of God, and that can be accomplished by following the Five Pillars
of Islam. They include confession of faith, prayer five times per day, providing a percentage of income to charity, fasting during Ramadan, and a pilgrimage to Mecca. Muslims bellieve that everyone has equal rights before God, and that people should be converted to the religion.Islam contains two groups, Shia and Sunni(most Muslims). The Abbasid Dynasty reigned from 750 to 1258, until later defeated by the Mongols.
- Europe & Byzantine Empire
Ultimately, the eastern Roman Empire, centered in Constantinople, became the highly centralized government being the Byzantine Empire; in the west, the empire collapsed entirely, although the religion retained a strong hold. The important facet concerning religion is that segments of the empire followed Christianity, they practiced different forms of the religion. Also, their populations competed for supremacy over one another. Justinian reigned from 527 to 565, restored Constantinople and made the region a power house in trade and the arts.
Elsewhere in Europe, Feudalism, the basis of the European social, economic, and political system of the Middle Ages developed.By the eleventh century, western Europe was back to trading and interacting with other nations. The Dark Ages provided a low point for Europe.The deplorable conditions in
Europe cities and the lack of medical knowledge contributed to the spread of the Bubonic Plague. A third of Europe's population died during this time. From all of the terrible events,people lost faith in the power of the church. This downfall kick-started socioeconomic movements that were impacting Europe. A shift towards new industries developed the economey to uplift Europe out of the Middle Ages.
- Developments in Asia
- The Mongols
- Developments in Africa
- Developments in the Americas
- Trade, Trade, and Trade